Raising the Anchor: Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies

The Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies, by launching a specialized journal on the topic, will give new momentum to diaspora studies and create an academic form through which it will bring theory and practice together to discuss diasporic and migration issues. In this sense, TJDS also aspires to be a venue that produces high-standard publications and a pool for the latest developments in the field. It is our hope that this unique, topic-related journal in Turkey will be an important podium for all stakeholders in the field.

TJDS, Diaspora Studies, Diaspora Studies in Turkey, Editorial
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Primary Language en
Subjects Political Science
Journal Section Editorial

Orcid: 0000-0002-7111-8538
Author: Necati ANAZ
Country: Turkey

Dates Publication Date : March 29, 2021
APA Anaz, N . (2021). Raising the Anchor: Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies . Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies , 1 (1) , 1-6 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjds/issue/60932/903716

Emergence of Afro-Turks in Turkish Politics

Since the mid-2000s, Turkey’s almost forgotten and invisible Africa-rooted Turkish citizens, the Afro-Turks, have come to the surface. Because of their small number, they have never been conspicuous before. However, since 2003, with Turkey’s opening to Africa policy, they have become much more discernable in the Turkish public sphere with festivals and activities. Ankara has also officially supported their activities financially and technically. This article argues that there is a strong link between their emergence as an ethnic minority in Turkey and Ankara’s assertive Africa policy to deepen relations with the continent. The case of Afro-Turks indicates that when foreign policy inclination is matched with domestic policy, even a tiny minority can become more discernable and visible in the political arena.
Afro-Turks, Turkish Foreign Policy, Africa, Turkey, African Diaspora
  • Burcu Sunar Cankurtaran asks right question to include Afro-Turks in Turkish foreign policydiscourse. This article should even be seen as a response to her request. Burcu Sunar Cankurtaran, “Is There a Room for Afro-Turks in Turkish ForeignPolicy?: Some Research Questions”, International Journal of Turcologia, Vol XIII, No: 25, pp. 81-90.
Primary Language en
Subjects International Relations
Journal Section Research Articles

Author: Mehmet ÖZKAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Center for Global Policy, Washington DC, USA
Country: United States

Dates Publication Date : March 29, 2021
APA Özkan, M . (2021). Emergence of Afro-Turks in Turkish Politics . Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies , 1 (1) , 7-19 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjds/issue/60932/792704

Diaspora FDI: Why do Returning Migrants Invest in Their Home Countries and What are the Main Difficulties They Face? The Case of Romania

Migrants play a significant role in increasing economic links between their home and adoptive countries. They contribute to increasing trade and increasing capital flows between the respective countries in the form of remittances and direct investment. In the context of Romania, only a trickle of this capital flow is in the form of direct investment, although diaspora direct investment (DDI) may represent a more desirable form for the state than remittances. The purpose of this study is two-fold. On one hand, it aims at investigating why Romanians from the diaspora invest in their homeland and, on the other hand, it seeks to understand why the number of diaspora investors is still so low. The study is based on the qualitative content analysis of newspaper articles featuring interviews with diaspora entrepreneurs. We found that decisions to return and invest in Romania were motivated by both push (homesickness, lack of economic opportunities in the adoptive countries, the need for a new challenge and patriotism) and pull factors (business opportunities and beautiful, attractive places in Romania). The main constraining factors were found to be excessive bureaucracy, people’s mentality, shortage of labor and other adverse economic conditions. While the findings of this study confirm some of the results posted by previous studies, they also propose some motivations for DDI that were not captured by other works on the subject.
Diaspora, Diaspora Direct Investment, Foreign Direct Investment, Romania
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Primary Language en
Subjects Geography
Journal Section Research Articles

Orcid: 0000-0001-5156-3311
Author: Voicu BODOCAN
Institution: Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj
Country: Romania

Author: Istvan EGRESİ (Primary Author)
Institution: Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj
Country: Romania

Dates Publication Date : March 29, 2021
APA Bodocan, V , Egresi, I . (2021). Diaspora FDI: Why do Returning Migrants Invest in Their Home Countries and What are the Main Difficulties They Face? The Case of Romania . Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies , 1 (1) , 20-48 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjds/issue/60932/877763

The Politics of Russian ‘Diaspora’: From Compatriots to a Russian World

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left twenty-five million ethnic Russians living outside the contemporary borders of the Russian Federation, the country’s ruling elite have undertaken increasing efforts over time to formulate policies on “compatriots”, regardless of whether this population has conceived of themselves as such. Drawing on political speeches, official policy documents, and scholarly literature, this paper seeks to illustrate how the Kremlin’s understanding of the boundaries and meaning of national identity has driven its diaspora politics. More precisely, I argue that the contextualization of Russian diaspora is constituted and constrained by the vision of national identity that the Kremlin endorses over other competing visions of Russian identity, since diaspora is primarily defined in reference to the nation. Moreover, my research highlights that the Russia’s interaction with Europe and the West plays a key role in the process of constituting its identity. This interaction, in turn, influences how the Russian authorities formulate diaspora policies in the former Soviet states. Finally, I suggest that the Kremlin’s instrumentalization of compatriots serves as a domestic goal by promoting national unity around a vision of national identity that it endorses.
Russian Diaspora, Post-Soviet Russia, Compatriots, Russian World, Putin
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Primary Language en
Subjects Political Science
Journal Section Research Articles

Author: Burcu DEGİRMEN DYSART (Primary Author)
Institution: National Louis University
Country: United States

Dates Publication Date : March 29, 2021
APA Degirmen Dysart, B . (2021). The Politics of Russian ‘Diaspora’: From Compatriots to a Russian World . Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies , 1 (1) , 49-63 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjds/issue/60932/897274

Boundaries of the Turkish Diaspora

This article briefly investigates the evolution of Turkish diaspora over the course of history and pays particular attention to major diaspora formation approaches. Then, it focuses on the Turkish Diaspora within which, before all else, emigration and changing borders are considered major components for diaspora formation. This paper also demonstrates that the history of Turkish emigrant communities began in the 19th century during the Ottoman era and dramatically increased after WWII, during the Turkish Republic era. This study, in particular, focuses on autochthonous aspects of the Turkish diaspora, which came into existence as a result of the Ottoman State’s territorial losses.
Diaspora, Turkish Diaspora, Autochthonous Diaspora, Migrant Diaspora
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Primary Language en
Subjects International Relations
Journal Section Research Articles

Orcid: 0000-0001-5250-0742
Author: Mehmet KÖSE (Primary Author)
Institution: Göç Araştırmaları Vakfı
Country: Turkey

Dates Publication Date : March 29, 2021
APA Köse, M . (2021). Boundaries of the Turkish Diaspora . Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies , 1 (1) , 64-79 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjds/issue/60932/878411

The Indian Diaspora as a Social Movement: The Case of the Gulf Countries

In this study, the Gulf diaspora of India is examined with a social movement perspective. The aim of the study is to analyze how the Gulf diaspora was rebuilt during the Modi period. Arab countries in the Persian Gulf began to develop as a result of huge oil reserves and needed an intense workforce in the 1970s to have a modern state capacity. The required capacity of migrant workers was supplied from India, the Persian Gulf, and the South Asia axis and became one of the largest migration corridors in the world. Migrant workers have both stimulated the Gulf economies and become the backbone of the Indian economy. On the contrary, in the Modi period, with the new diaspora strategy, diaspora identity was rebuilt similar to a social movement. Political process theory and contentious theory have been used in attempts to analyze the rebuilding of diaspora identity. In recent years, social movement theory has also been used frequently in diaspora studies. In this study, a new model is proposed and the change in India’s Gulf diaspora is examined in the context of macro, meso, and micro dynamics. In this context, diasporas as a social movement is first discussed theoretically. Subsequently, the emergence, development, and content of the Indian diaspora in the Gulf region is reviewed historically. In another section, how the diaspora was strategically rebuilt in the Modi era is discussed through the proposed model. In conclusion, the damage to diaspora politics caused by the new Covid-19 pandemic and the rising trends are evaluated.
India, Gulf Diaspora, Social Movements, Change, Indian Diaspora
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Primary Language en
Subjects Political Science
Journal Section Research Articles

Author: Hayati ÜNLÜ (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey

Dates Publication Date : March 29, 2021
APA Ünlü, H . (2021). The Indian Diaspora as a Social Movement: The Case of the Gulf Countries . Turkish Journal of Diaspora Studies , 1 (1) , 80-99 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjds/issue/60932/872342